The eastern hemlock tree is a “foundation species” of our forests in the Finger Lakes and beyond in the Northeast. And it is being wiped out by an invasive insect, the “hemlock woolly adelgid.” Find out what is happening, what scientists are doing about it, and how you can help. This episode of Walk in the Park features the premier cablecast on Ithaca public access television of the acclaimed documentary film by area film maker Chris Foito, “The Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.” (And you can see the film independent of this Walk in the Park episode).
Winter is the best time to assess the occurrence and spread of hemlock woolly adelgid in our forests and the Cayuga Lake Watershed Network is seeking volunteers to help with monitoring. “This would entail about twenty minutes of training, and then walking and taking notes and locations of hemlock woolly adelgid on trees, via GPS (we provide everything needed). An afternoon outdoors in Jan, Feb and maybe March, locations still TBA. Contact Hilary Lambert, firstname.lastname@example.org.”
On February 25, 2013, Bernd Blossey, Associate Professor in the Department of Natural Resources at Cornell University, gave a talk at the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology entitled, “How Introduced Plants, Worms, and Deer are Reshaping our Neighborhoods.”
Cornell ecologist Bernd Blossey sets a trail cam to record deer behavior in the recent PBS Nature episode "The Private Life of Deer." (Click on photo to see the program.)
Blossey is considered a world authority on the biological control of invasive species. His presentation radically changed many people’s ideas about things happening in our woods.
Though earthworms, which are not native, may benefit gardens and plowed agricultural soil, they are devastating to the leaf litter and humus of the forest floor, compacting the soil and causing serious soil erosion, leading to the loss of many native plants, amphibians, and invertebrates.
Garlic mustard, one of the best-known invasive plants in our eastern forests, and which many people spend hours weeding from parks, preserves, and the woods around their homes, will not infest an area not already invaded by earthworms. (Blossey offers a $5000 reward for anyone who can find an exception to this!) Furthermore, Blossey says the research indicates that pulling up garlic mustard is a waste of time, as it eventually poisons the soil against itself; that pulling the plant actually delays this process and prolongs the presence of the plant; and that the presence of garlic mustard appears not to limit the success of native wildflowers such as trillium.
Deer overpopulation, however, does have an enormous impact on the health, biodiversity, and the very future of our forests. Blossey said that research on Cornell lands indicates that sterilization of females to reduce deer numbers is a huge waste of money (at $700 to $1000 per animal), as it is completely ineffective in reducing the overabundance of deer in “open populations.”
Prof. Blossey spoke of much more, including comparing the effects on amphibian populations from invasive plants and native plants in aquatic ecosystems.
When I went to the lecture, I had not planned to record it, but I changed my mind while there. I recorded it with the video function of my shirt pocket camera, finishing off with my iPhone when I ran out of card storage. The video quality is poor, especially the iPhone section, but the audio is acceptable. You can see Dr. Blossey’s slides in more than half of the presentation. Perhaps think of it as a podcast with some visuals.
I decided to post Prof. Blossey’s talk because I feel much information in it is so new to most of us and challenges a number of the assumptions that many of us have about managing invasive species, one of the biggest environmental issues of our time.